Open Access Highly Accessed Review

2013 WSES guidelines for management of intra-abdominal infections

Massimo Sartelli1*, Pierluigi Viale2, Fausto Catena3, Luca Ansaloni4, Ernest Moore5, Mark Malangoni6, Frederick A Moore7, George Velmahos8, Raul Coimbra9, Rao Ivatury10, Andrew Peitzman11, Kaoru Koike12, Ari Leppaniemi13, Walter Biffl5, Clay Cothren Burlew5, Zsolt J Balogh14, Ken Boffard15, Cino Bendinelli14, Sanjay Gupta16, Yoram Kluger17, Ferdinando Agresta18, Salomone Di Saverio19, Imtiaz Wani20, Alex Escalona21, Carlos Ordonez22, Gustavo P Fraga23, Gerson Alves Pereira24, Miklosh Bala25, Yunfeng Cui26, Sanjay Marwah27, Boris Sakakushev28, Victor Kong29, Noel Naidoo30, Adamu Ahmed31, Ashraf Abbas32, Gianluca Guercioni33, Nereo Vettoretto34, Rafael Díaz-Nieto35, Ihor Gerych36, Cristian Tranà37, Mario Paulo Faro38, Kuo-Ching Yuan39, Kenneth Yuh Yen Kok40, Alain Chichom Mefire41, Jae Gil Lee42, Suk-Kyung Hong43, Wagih Ghnnam44, Boonying Siribumrungwong45, Norio Sato11, Kiyoshi Murata46, Takayuki Irahara47, Federico Coccolini4, Helmut A Segovia Lohse48, Alfredo Verni49 and Tomohisa Shoko50

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Surgery, Macerata Hospital, Macerata, Italy

2 Clinic of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine Geriatrics and Nephrologic Diseases, St Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

3 Emergency Surgery, Maggiore Parma Hospital, Parma, Italy

4 Department of General Surgery, Ospedali Riuniti, Bergamo, Italy

5 Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, CO, USA

6 American Board of Surgery, Philadelphia, PA, USA

7 University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, USA

8 Harvard Medical School, Division of Trauma, Emergency Surgery and Surgical Critical Care Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

9 Department of Surgery, UC San Diego Health System, San Diego, CA, USA

10 Department of Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, VA, USA

11 Division of General Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

12 Department of Primary Care & Emergency Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan

13 Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Meilahti, Helsinki, Finland

14 Department of Surgery, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia

15 Department of Surgery, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Hospital University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

16 Department of Surgery, Govt Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

17 Department of General Surgery, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel

18 Department of Surgery, Adria Hospital, Adria, Italy

19 Department of Surgery, Maggiore Hospital, Bologna, Italy

20 Department of Digestive Surgery Faculty of Medicine Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile

21 Department of Surgery, Sheri-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India

22 Department of Surgery, Universidad del Valle, Fundacion Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia

23 Division of Trauma Surgery, Hospital de Clinicas - University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil

24 Emergency Unit, Department of Surgery, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil

25 Department of General Surgery, Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel

26 Department of Surgery, Tianjin Nankai Hospital, Nankai Clinical School of Medicine, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China

27 Department of Surgery, Pt BDS Post-graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Rohtak, India

28 First Clinic of General Surgery, University Hospital /UMBAL/ St George Plovdiv, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

29 Department of Surgery, Edendale Hospital, Pietermaritzburg, Republic of South Africa

30 Department of Surgery, Port Shepstone Hospital, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa

31 Department of Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital Zaria, Kaduna, Nigeria

32 Department of Surgery, Mansoura University Hospital, Mansoura, Egypt

33 Department of Surgery, Mazzoni Hospital, Ascoli Piceno, Italy

34 Department of Surgery, Mellini Hospital, Chiari (BS), Italy

35 Department of General and Digestive Surgery, University Hospital, Malaga, Spain

36 Department of General Surgery, Lviv Emergency Hospital, Lviv, Ukraine

37 Department of Surgery, Ancona University, Ancona, Italy

38 Division of General and Emergency Surgery, Faculdade de Medicina da Fundação do ABC, São Paulo, Santo André, Brazil

39 Department of Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan

40 Department of Surgery, Ripas Hospital, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei

41 Clinical Sciences, Regional Hospitals Limbe and Buea, Limbe, Cameroon

42 Department of Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

43 Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Republic of Korea

44 Wagih Ghnnam, Department of Surgery, Khamis Mushayt General Hospital, Khamis Mushayt, Saudi Arabia

45 Boonying Siribumrungwong, Department of Surgery, Thammasat University Hospital, Pathumthani, Thailand

46 Department of Acute and Critical Care Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, Japan

47 Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Emergency and Critical Care Center of Nippon Medical School, Tama-Nagayama Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

48 II Catedra de Clinica Quirúrgica, Hospital de Clínicas, San Lorenzo, Paraguay

49 Department of Surgery, Cutral Co Clinic, Neuquen, Argentina

50 The Shock Trauma and Emergency Medical Center, Matsudo City Hospital, Chiba, Japan

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World Journal of Emergency Surgery 2013, 8:3  doi:10.1186/1749-7922-8-3

Published: 8 January 2013

Abstract

Despite advances in diagnosis, surgery, and antimicrobial therapy, mortality rates associated with complicated intra-abdominal infections remain exceedingly high.

The 2013 update of the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) guidelines for the management of intra-abdominal infections contains evidence-based recommendations for management of patients with intra-abdominal infections.